What is TDS?
Tax Deducted at Source or TDS is a type of tax that is deducted from an individual’s income on a periodical or occasional basis. TDS can be applicable for income that are regular as well as irregular in nature. Income Tax Act, 1961 regulates TDS in India through Central Board of Direct taxes (CBDT) under the Indian Revenue Services (IRS). TDS rule directs the payee or employer to deduct a certain amount of tax before making full payment to the receiver. TDS is applicable for salary, commission, professional fees, interest, rent, etc.
Payments such as salaries, interest payment, commission, fees to lawyers and freelancers etc. are subject to TDS. For salaries, the percentage of TDS will be based on income slabs rates. Similarly, each type of income has its own percentage of tax that is calculated . Since TDS is collected at source without the calculation of investment that is eligible for tax deductions, hence, an individual can declare and submit his investment proof in order to file a return and claim for the TDS refund.
How TDS Calculated?
Income and expenditure such as salary, lotteries, interests from banks, payment of commissions, rent payment, payments to freelancers, etc. fall under the ambit of TDS. When making payments under these segments, a percentage of the overall payment is withheld by the source that is making the payments. This source, which can be a person or an organization, is known as the Deductor. The person whose payment is getting deducted is called the Deductee. For instance, a deductor is the employer paying salary to an employee (the deductee).
Income tax is a percentage of income paid to the government by the taxpayers for the betterment of the public at large. This income is categorized into different groups on the basis of the amount of income. Each such group is known as a Tax Slab. Tax is charged at different rates on the range of income falling under these different income tax subgroups. The Income Tax Act of 1961 is the law that governs the provisions for our income tax. The income tax rates are usually revised every year during the budget. Various deductions are usually allowed to a taxpayer under Section 80C, Section 80D etc.
Income Tax Slabs For General Taxpayers (less than 60 years old)
INCOME TAX SLAB RATES (RS./ANNUM) TAX (%)
₹0 – ₹2,50,000 No tax rates applicable
₹2,50,001 – ₹5,00,000 5%
₹5,00,001 – ₹10,00,000 20%
Above ₹10,00,000 30%
16th September 2019 From India,