I hope the below post may help you in understanding the requirement of Actuarial Valuation Services for Accounting of Employee Benefits such as Gratuity, Leave Encashment, Pension and Other Long Term Employee Benefits in compliance of IndAS19 & AS 15 (Revised 2005) by Indian Listed/SME/NON-SME Companies.


As per provisions of Section 129 of the Companies Act 2013, each company has to prepare the Financial Statement such as Balance Sheet & Profit/Loss Accounts at the closure of each financial year in compliance of Accounting Standards as stipulated in Section 133 of the Companies Act 2013, so that they can give a true and fair view of state of affairs of the company. MCA vide its notification dated 13th November 2018 notified National Financial Reporting Authority (NFRA) Rules 2018.

The main functions NFRA Authority are:-

1. Monitoring and enforcing the compliance with accounting standards and auditing standards,

2. Overseeing the quality of Audit service and suggesting measures for improvement,

3. Power to investigate,

4. Disciplinary proceedings, Manner of enforcement of orders passed in disciplinary proceedings, Punishment in case of non-compliance etc.

In view of above provisions, it becomes mandatory for Finance Professionals (i.e. CA, CS, CMA, Finance Professionals & Directors) involved in finalization of Financial Statements to check the proper compliance and provisions of these Accounting Standards.

Accounting Standards stipulating Accounting & Disclosure requirement of Employee Benefit Plans

Accounting and Disclosure requirements for Employee Benefits Plans is laid down in the following 2 Accounting Standards as issued by The Institute of Chartered Accountants of India (ICAI):-

1. Accounting Standard 15 (Revised 2005) – AS 15 (Revised 2005)

2. Indian Accounting Standard 19 – IndAS 19

The main objectives of the above Standards are to prescribe the guidelines and disclosures for Accounting for Defined Benefit Plans (i.e. Gratuity, Leave Encashment, Pension etc.). In order to comply with above standards a company is required to recognize:-

(a) a liability when an employee has provided service to company in exchange for defined benefits to be paid in the future; and

(b) an expense when the company consumes the economic benefit arising from service provided by an employee in exchange for defined benefits.

Why Actuarial Valuation Services of an Actuary is required for compliance of AS 15 (Revised 2005) & IndAS19 ?

Accounting for Employee Benefit Plans falls in the category of Defined Benefit is complex because actuarial assumptions are required to measure the obligation and the expense and there is a possibility of actuarial gains and losses. Moreover, the obligations are measured on a discounted basis because they may be settled many years after the employees render the related service. While the Standard requires that it is the responsibility of the reporting enterprise to measure the obligations under the defined benefit plans, it is recognized that for doing so the enterprise would normally use the services of a qualified actuary. (Refer para 49 of AS 15 (Revised 2005).

Actuarial reports fully compliant with requirement of IndAS 19 & AS 15 (Revised 2005) have following components:

· Data – Summary of employee data as received from Company as Actuarial Input.

· Assumptions – Demographic and Financial Assumptions as received from Company as Actuarial Input.

· Methodology – PUC Method

· Results – Present Value of Obligation, Expense for the year, Experience Adjustment etc.

· Disclosures – As given Paragraph 120 of AS 15 (Revised 2005) and various Paragraphs of IndAS19 (For more details you may visit my Tax-guru Profile at https://taxguru.in/author/tikaramchaudhary@gmail.com/)

Actuarial Valuation Reports for the following Employee Benefit Plans is required by the companies for compliance of IndAS 19 & AS 15 (Revised 2005) :-

· Gratuity Plans.

· Earned Leave Plan.

· Sick Leave Plan.

· Defined Benefit Pension Plans.

· Post -Retirement Medical Benefit Plans.

· Settlement Allowances on Retirement.

· Long Service Award Plans/Incentive Plans.

· Interest Rate Guarantee for Exempted Provident Funds.

· Any other long term employee benefit , where actuarial inputs are needed.

How to Identify the Compliance requirement for Companies ?

The following criterion is followed by the CA, CS, CMA & Auditors to know the applicability of Accounting Standards and disclosure requirement by the Companies:-

(i) SME Companies - SME requires to give disclosures as per Clause L of Para 120 of AS 15 (Revised 2005) - (For more details visit the notification dated

(ii) Non SME Companies – Non SME requires to give disclosures as per Para 120 of AS 15 (Revised 2005)

(iii) Listed Companies & their subsidiaries with Net-worth more 250 cr. – In this case, companies and their subsidiaries has to give disclosure of in compliance of IndAS 19.

(iv) NBFC (Non-Banking Financial Company) with Net-worth more 250 cr. – In this case, NBFC has to give disclosure of in compliance of IndAS 19 with comparative numbers of previous 2 years.

Since annual financial statements such as Balance Sheet and Profit/ Loss Statement of your clients are at hand for the close of the financial year as on 31.03.2020, the services we deal in will be needed by many of your clients and we will be happy to provide our services if needed. In case of any clarification, you may contact me at 9211637063 or email me your queries at .

From India, Delhi

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